GARDEN

The garden functions as an educational display of medicinal plants herbs and spices and also as a conservatory source of standard specimens. The garden of the institute is located at 18.340 N and 73.37 0 E. and 555m. altitude, comprises of total 19.5 acres of land which is separated by Pune Municipal Corporation (P.M.C) road. Garden is divided in two portion i.e. the upper garden and lower garden. The upper garden is about 11 acres, comprising mostly of hilly area having undulating slopes from the top of the hill. The soil is mostly rocky, laterite (murrum) and poor black cotton shallow. Main building and laboratories are also located in this portion. The lower portion comprises of about 8.5 acres of land having almost plain, black cotton soil with about 5-6 ft. depth. The edaphic conditions of lower portion are suitable for deep rooted plants. Since the upper portion is subjected to soil erosion, two checkbunds have been raised. The rocky portion usually supports growth of shallow rooted plants.


Demonstrative Medicinal Plant Garden:
In the lower garden about 375 plant species have been maintained, out of which 293 are of medicinal importance. These includes about 146 species enlisted in Ayurvedic Formulary Part I, published by the Govt. of India. Majority of these are tropical species growing wild in different parts of India are planted for demonstration purpose. Some important herbs and climbers are grown in beds of 3m X 3m, whereas the rest are scattered. The main attraction of garden for the people interested in Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants is the representation of some important taxa of different eco-climatic condition e.g., Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari (Guggulu), a valuable endangered species of arid climate, Saraca asoca (Roxb.) De willd. (Ashoka), Kamphaeria galanga L., Piper longum L., Asparagus racemosus Willd. etc. along with important medicinal plants found in Maharashtra and adjoining areas. Monoculture of important species of medicinal plants mostly of Ayurvedic importance have been demarcated as : Guggulu vatika, Ashoka vatika, Gambhari vatika, Bilva vatika, Shatavari vatika, Ketaki kunja, Karvira vatika, Nirgundi vatika etc. Prioritized medicinal plants by National Medicinal Plants Board (Govt. of India) have also been maintained in the garden. Efforts have been made to exhibit and demonstrate these plants separately as far as possible.

Conservation of Mediicinal Plants :
Steps have been taken to multiply and conserve depleting, vulnerable and threatened medicinal plants. Some of such species being multiplied and grown in the garden include Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. ex Kurz. (Sarpagandha), Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari (Guggulu), Gloriosa superb L. (Langali), Aristolochia indica L. (Ishwari), Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. (Sariva), Paederia foetida Benth. (Gandhapasarani), Saraca asoca (Roxb.) De willd. (Ashoka), Gmelina arborea L. (Gambhari) etc.


Experimental Cultivation
Ayurvedic crude drugs of plant origin have so far been being collected from wild sources. Due to vast depletion of medicinal species over exploitation and destruction of forests, it has now become necessary to cultivate them on mass scale and hence their propagation, multiplication and agrotechniques need to be standardized. Experimental studies related to seed germination and vegetative propagation have been undertaken on a number of medicinal species. Protocols of cultivation practices of a few are also developed, 33 research paper are published in research Journals. Besides this, effect of harmones, fertilizers and manures etc. on growth and yield were also studied. Some of the plants taken up for such type of studies in the past or during present programme include Asparagus racemosus Willd. (Shatavari), Psoralea corylifolia L. (Bakuchi), Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. (Sariva), Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso (Trivrta), Helicteres isora L. (Avartani), Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. ex Kurz. (Sarpagandha), Andrographis paniculata Nees. (Kalamegh), Celastrus paniculatus Willd. (Jyotishmati), Gmelina arborea L. (Gambhari), Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari (Guggulu), Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. Syn.M.prurita Hook (Kapikachchhu), Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers (Guduchi), Desmodium gangeticum DC. (Shala-parni), Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell. (Brahmi), etc.

Supply of Crude drugs/ Seeds:
More than 2300 kg dried crude drugs have been supplied in different parts of the country to various units of the council and other organization for Research purposes. Efforts are made to collect fruits / seeds of important medicinal plants with a view to develop a seed bank to facilitate exchange of planting material with other gardens and also to supply institutions interested in seeds/planting material. Besides this, the Institute has also supplied seeds of 63 medicinal species to National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi, for conservation in gene bank. Seeds/fruits of 32 species have been sent to the council (HQrs.) for development of Vietnam-Indo friendship garden of medicinal plants in Vietnam during June 2001.

Planting material:
Planting material including seeds, seedlings and cuttings etc. of important medicinal plants were provided free of cost except Guggulu saplings to academic institutions, to create awareness, encourage planting and facilitate development of medicinal plants garden for educative purpose before 2002. Since year 2002 institute is maintaining a separate nursery of important medicinal species. The seedlings of these species are being sold at the rates prescribed by Council. The garden is open to the public.

Guided tours can be requested by contacting:

Dr. S. N. Murthy
Assistant Director (S-3) Incharge

Dr Gajendra Rao
R.O. Scientist-3 (Botany)

Download
List of Medicinal Plants Present in the Garden


Research papers Published since inception to March 2013 on cultivation.
1. Kanitakar, U.K. & Pendse, G.S. (1967), Experimental cultivation of Plantago ovata in Maharashtra, Indian J. Pharm., Vol. 29, PP.97-98.
2. Fernandez, R.R. & Yelne, M.B. (1974), Notes on Jawaharlal Nehru Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Garden Poona, J. Res. Indian Med., Vol. IX (1), PP.35-45.
3. Karnick, C.R. (1974), Studies on cultivation of Indian Medicinal Drug Plants. Part-I, Urgenia indica Kunth., Indian Drug Pharm. Ind. July-Aug.
4. Karnick, C.R. (1974), Ayurveda, the foundation source of Medical Science of the World, Sachitra Ayurveda, Dec.
5. Fernandez, R.R. & Yelne, M.B. (1975), Notes on Jawaharlal Nehru Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Garden. Part –II, J. Res. Indian Med., Vol. X (4), PP. 97-105.
6. Karnick, C.R. & Borgey, D.B. (1975), Studies on Indian Medicinal Plants used in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Part-I, Tylophora asthmatica W. & A. and Tylophora delzellii Hook.f., Herba Hungarica, Vol. 14 (1), PP.5-22.
7. Karnick, C.R. (1975), Studies on Indian Medicinal Plants used in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Part-V, Tribulus terrestris L., J. Res. Indian Med., Vol. X (1), PP.71-74.
8. Karnick, C.R. & Jopat, P.D. (1976), Cultivation trials of Allium sativum L. (Lashuna) on different phases of moon, Nagarjun, Vol. XIX (2), PP.1-3.
9. Karnick, C.R. et al. (1976), Experimental studies on Achyranthes aspera Linn., Indian Drug Pharm. Ind., Sept.-Oct.
10. Karnick, C.R. (1976), Newer aspects towards better understanding of Ayurvedic system of medicine, Sachitra Ayurveda, June.
11. Karnick, C.R. (1977), Cultivation trials of Asteracantha longifolia Nees (Kokilaksha) Talimkhana used in Indian system of medicine, Part XI, J. Res. Indian Med. Yoga & Homoeo., Vol. XII (3), PP.109-112.
12. Karnick, C.R. (1977), Cultivation trials of Coleus aromaticus Benth. (Paterchur, Pashanbhed) used in Indian system of medicine, Part-XXI, Nagarjun, Vol. XXI (1), PP.2-4.
13. Karnick, C.R. (1977), Ethnobotanical, pharmacognostical and cultivation studies of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. (Indian Sarsaparilla), Herba Hungarica, Vol. 16 (2), PP.2-16.
14. Karnick, C.R. (1978), Cultivation of Cassia angustifolia Vahl (Swamapatri, Sonamukhi, Nilavka) used in Ayurvedic system of Medicine in black cotton soil of Poona, Indian Drug Pharm. Ind., May-June.
15. Karnick, C.R. (1978), Cultivation trials of Asparagus racemosus Willd. (Satavari, Shatamuli) used in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Part-X, Nagarjun, Vol. XXI (11), PP.4-5.
16. Karnick, C.R. (1978), Cultivation trials of Solanum nigrum L. (Kakamachi), J. Res. Indian Med. Yoga & Homoeo., Vol, XVII (1), PP. 57-62.
17. Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. (1989), Vegetative propagation of Helicteres isora L. (Avartani), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. X (1-2), PP. 86-91.
18. Yelne, M.B.; Mehendale, V.V.; Erande, C.M. & Sharma, P.C. (1992), Cultivation trials of Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia L.), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XIII (1-2), PP. 85-90.
19. Mehendale, V.V.; Yelne, M.B.; Erande, C.M. & Sharma, P.C. (1992), Exploratory Studies on propagation material of Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso (Trivrita), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol XIII (1-2), PP. 111-114.
20. Sharma, P.C.; Yelne, M.B. & Erande, C.M. (1993), Cultivation of Asparagus racaemosus Willd. (Shatavari), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XIV (1-2), PP. 70-77.
21. Kulkarni, S.S.; Mehendale, V.V. & Sharma, P.C. (1993), Effect of Gibbrellic acid on seed germination of Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. (Sarpagandha), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XIV (3-4), PP. 180-185.
22. Sharma, P.C. & Yelne, M.B. (1995), Observation on in vitro propagation of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. (Sariva), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XVI (3-4), PP. 129-132.
23. Mehendale, V.V. & Sharma, P.C. (1995), Preliminary observations on cultivation of Trivrita (Operculina terpethum (L.) Silva Manso), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XVI (1-2), PP.66-69.
24. Yelne, M.B.; Borkar, G.B. & Sharma, P.C. (1997), In vitro propagation of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell, Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XVIII (3-4), PP. 145-150.
25. Borkar, G.B.; Gurav, A.M.; Erande, C.M.; Mehendale, V.V. & Sharma, P.C. (1998), Cultivation of Gambhari (Gmelina arborea L.) on degraded rocky soil, Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XIX (1-2), PP. 56-61.
26. Yelne, M.B.; Borkar, G.B. & Sharma, P.C. (1999), In vitro propagation of some Ayurvedic medicinal plants, Proc. of Sem. on Res. Achiv. of Ayur. Siddha, New Delhi, PP.221-227.
27. Vishwakarma, U.R.; Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. (1999), Effect of various treatments on seed germination of Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. Shalparni, Bull. Mediico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XX (1-4), PP.85-91. Borkar, G.B.; Vishwakarma, U.R.; Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C., (2000), Observations on Leaf Culture of Brahmi - Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell, Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XXI (1-2), PP. 46-52.
28. Borkar, G.B.; Yelne, M.B. & Sharma, P.C. (2000), In vitro propagation of Paederia foetida L. (Prasarini) through stem and leaf culture, Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XXI (1-2), PP.80-87.
29. Vishakarma U.R.;Math; N.A.;Yelne M.B. and Sharma P.C. (2003), Effect of various treatment on seed germination of Uraria picta Desv.(Pishnaparni), Bull. Medico Ethnobot. Res., Vol. XXII (1-4), PP.60-68.
30. A.M. Gurav; M.B.Yelne; T.J. Dennis and P.C. Sharma (2002), Propagation of Guduchi – Tinospora cordifolia (Willd) Miers by stem cuttings; by; Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi;, Vol. XXIII, No. 1-4, PP. 41 – 52.
31. A.M. Gurav; M.B. Yelne and P.C. Sharma (2003), Effect of Gibberlic acid treatment on seed germination of Ashwagandha – Withania somnifera Dunal. by Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi; (Jan – Dec.) Vol. XXIV, No. 1-4, PP. 12-19.
32. U.R.Vishwakarma; M.B. Yelne and P.C. Sharma (2003), Vegetative propagation of Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. – Shalparni by Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Reserch, CCRAS, New Delhi; (Jan – Dec) Vol. XXIV, No. 1 – 4, PP. 110 –120.
33. A.M. Gurav; A.D. Hole and K. Chandra. (2006), Studies on seed germination of Acacia sinuate (Lour.) Merill (Saptala) Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, CCRAS, New Delhi; In Communication.
34. Gurav A.M.; Vishwakarma U.R.; Sharma, P.C. (2012), Effect of different soil samples on morphometric and physic-chemical characters of Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 3 (1) : 192 – 200.
35. Vishwakarma U.R.; Gurav A.M.; Sharma, P.C., Regeneration of Multiple Shoots From Petiole Callus of Viola serpens Wall. Pharmacognosy Research Journal. Ref. no. of manuscript “Pr_68_12”, dated 20/08/2012.
 

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